Nobody knows exactly, but probably the first counterfeit dates back since the introduction of the coin in human society. Romans made a series of counterfeits, later on called "legal", by making coins of copper silvered. Roman soldiers fighting in enemy territories were paid with these coins. If they were to be taken prisoners, they did not want to lose gold or silver this way! (...) details... In countries where democracy and market economy are currently strengthening, countries that were led by dictatorial regimes or centralized economies, freedom has lead to a real explosion on the market of services and large consume goods. Taking into account that the legislation for the protection of intellectual property rights and trademarks in these countries appears and is strengthening with time, the state's control bodies do not always manage to fight efficiently against counterfeiting. Cosmetic products, medicines, textiles, food, cellular phones, music or software CDs, spare parts for motor vehicles, these represent a multitude of counterfeited products, thrown on the market, under renowned trademarks, for attractive prices. Who is losing from the sale of these counterfeited products? (...) details...


After the accession to the European Union, large companies will have the possibility to claim compensations for counterfeiting from the State.

After the accession to the European Union, Romania will have to pay from the State budget the damages claimed by western companies for loses by counterfeiting. This measure is part of a campaign of the European Parliament, which adopted a directive draft for the harmonization of laws in the matter of intellectual and industrial property rights. Romania is not perceived as a country manufacturing counterfeit goods, but is has a reputation as transit country for these products on their way form Asia to Western Europe. At the time of the accession, Romania will pay dearly if it will not provide guarantees for the elimination of counterfeits and bootlegging of any kind.
Polonia and Hungary are already facing this situation, as they joined the European Union last year. Immediately after their accession, large European companies lodged in complaints requiring damages of tens of millions of dollars. Obviously, Romania will undergo the same treatment.

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