Nobody knows exactly, but probably the first counterfeit dates back since the introduction of the coin in human society. Romans made a series of counterfeits, later on called "legal", by making coins of copper silvered. Roman soldiers fighting in enemy territories were paid with these coins. If they were to be taken prisoners, they did not want to lose gold or silver this way! (...) details... In countries where democracy and market economy are currently strengthening, countries that were led by dictatorial regimes or centralized economies, freedom has lead to a real explosion on the market of services and large consume goods. Taking into account that the legislation for the protection of intellectual property rights and trademarks in these countries appears and is strengthening with time, the state's control bodies do not always manage to fight efficiently against counterfeiting. Cosmetic products, medicines, textiles, food, cellular phones, music or software CDs, spare parts for motor vehicles, these represent a multitude of counterfeited products, thrown on the market, under renowned trademarks, for attractive prices. Who is losing from the sale of these counterfeited products? (...) details...

Short history


Nobody knows exactly, but probably the first counterfeit dates back since the introduction of the coin in human society. Romans made a series of counterfeits, later on called “legal”, by making coins of copper silvered. Roman soldiers fighting in enemy territories were paid with these coins. If they were to be taken prisoners, they did not want to lose gold or silver this way! There is a huge difference between the coin counterfeiters of those times and the counterfeit money makers of today! They are more alike workers in Ottoman monetary printing workshops, one of them found in Banat area. There they were making coins of gold and silver taken from the mines. But because there were too many counterfeits, Sultan Selim the Second decided to close down the printing workshop and to transport the precious metals to Istanbul. Precious metal theft was freely practiced in the Middle Age in printing workshops, the difference being in the earnings. Later on, in the inter-war period, only in Oltenia there were discovered more than 1000 clandestine printing workshops.
 
 
Along with the spread of the print there came counterfeit chronicles, bibles and rewritten prayer books. Also, the prohibition periods led to the development of underground economy and the encouragement of counterfeit production. As regards the protection of industrial drawings and models in Romania, a first form was established by the so-called “privileges” granted by rulers for a predetermined period with the interdiction of use by third parties. Thus, ruler Alexandru Moruzi granted in 1800 a privilege to Stanila for a “fishery of wimples, quilts, pillows…” for 15 years, staring with May 28th, 1800.
 
 
The legal regulation came later, after the signing of international conventions. In our country, the first law of invention patents became effective on January 17th, 1906, and the unique title of invention protection is the invention patent, valid for 20 years, starting with the date of the legal national deposit.

In 1923, in the “Official Bulletin" of the Office for Industrial Property, a “Bill on industrial drawings and models” was published in Romanian and French languages, structured by five chapters, as follows:

Chapter I – General provisions, duties, period, waiver and nullity
Chapter II – Formalities for filing and registration
Chapter III – Registry of industrial drawings and models
Chapter IV - Counterfeits, tracking down and punishment
Chapter V - Miscellaneous and final provisions

This bill was drawn up by the Office for Industrial Property under the influence of laws already adopted in the industrially developed countries of Western Europe and in compliance with the provisions of the Paris Convention for the protection of industrial property, ratified by Romania in 1920. The unfavourable situation of Romania of that period did not allow the adoption of this bill.



The Association for Consumer Protection was established in 1924, as nongovernmental, apolitical and non-profit organization.

Later on, between 1970 - 1990, the State Office for Inventions And Brands draws up several bills on legal protection of industrial drawings and models (one bill was common to brands), but they were all blocked by the former CNST (National Council for Science and Technology).
 
 
The Office for Copyright was established in 1996, and it is subordinated to the Government since 2002.
 
 
The Law o Copyright and the Law on property rights in customs actions were issued in 2000


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